Text Size


  1. Zamboni P, Galeotti R, Menegatti E, et al. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in patients with multiple sclerosis. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. 2009; 80: 392-399
  2. Al-Omari MH,  Rousan, LA. Internal jugular vein morphology and hemodynamics in patients with multiple sclerosis. International Angiology.  April, 2010; 29(2):115-120
  3. Simka M, Kestecki J, Zaniewski M, Majewski E, Hartel M. Extracranial Doppler sonographic criteria of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in the patients with multiple sclerosis. International Angiology.  April, 2010; 29(2): 109-114
  4. Zivadinov, R. Preliminary Results of BNAC CTEVD Study. Publicly reported at the American Academy of Neurology Annual Conference, 14 April 2010; Poster session: CCSVI and what it could mean to people living with MS
  5. Kermode AG, Thompson AJ, Tofts P, MacManus DG, Kendall BE, Kingsley DPE, Moseley P, Rudge P, and McDonald WI. Breakdown of the Blood-Brain Barrier precedes symptoms and other MRI signs of new lesions in multiple sclerosis. Brain. 1990;113:1477-1489
  6. Kirk J, Plump J, Mirakhur J, McQuaid, S. tight junction abnormality in multiple sclerosis white matter affects all calibers of vessel and is associated with blood-brain barrier leakage and active demyelination. Journal of Pathology. 2003; 201:319-327
  7. Minagar, A, Alexander, J. Blood-brain barrier disruption in multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis. 1003; 9: 540-549
  8. Ge Y, Zohrabian VM, and Grossman RI. 7T MRI: New vision of microvascular abnormalities in Multiple Sclerosis. Archives of Neurology. June, 2008; 65(6): 812-816
  9. Marrie RA, Rudick R, Horwitz R, Cutter G, Tyry T, Campagnolo D, Vollmer T. Vascular comorbidity is associated with more rapid disability progression in multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2010 Mar 30;74(13):1041-7.
  10. Zamboni P, Galeotti R, Menegatti E, Malagoni AM, Gianesini S, Bartolomei I, Mascoli F, Salvi F. A prospective open-label study of endovascular treatment of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency. Journal of Vascular Surgery 2009; 50: 1349-1358
  11. Bartolomei I, Salvi F, Galeotti R, Salviato E, Alcanterini M, Menegatti E, Mascalchi M, Zamboni P.  Hemodynamic patterns of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in multiple sclerosis. Correlation with symptoms at onset and clinical course. International Angiology. 2010 Apr;29(2):183-8.
  12. Klopfer, B. Psychological variables in human cancer. Journal of Projective Techniques. 1957 Dec;21(4):331-40.
  13. Hojnacki D, Zamboni P, Lopez-Soriano A, Galleotti R, Menegatt E, Weinstock-Guttman B, Schirda C, Magnano C, Malagoni AM, Kennedy C, Bartolomei I, Salvi F, Zivadinov R. Use of neck magnetic resonance venography, Doppler sonography and selective venography for diagnosis of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency: a pilot study in multiple sclerosis patients and healthy controls. International Angiology.  April, 2010; 29(2):127-139

This website is for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended as medical advice. See "Terms of Use" above for full disclosure. Full Disclaimer.